Marqués de Murrieta
Son Bordils

Fifteenth century to XVI

In the fifteenth century, the cultivation of the vine in Mallorca spread significantly, reaching protectionist measures against "foreign wines", mainly from Valencia and Tarragona, and arbitrated by the "Great and General Council": 'Com nostre per the grace of l'any present Senyor Deu has abundance of tota saw Illa has informacio is troba i haver-hi compliment vi per tot el present any i have pus in terra compliment vi propi. The stranger saw faria great dany in Regne per molt sguarts'. The year 1415 opened in Binissalem the "Celler de Deumes".

In this century, Dn. Joan Bordils i Pont, Knight, son of Bernat de Bordils, occupied, like his father, the main offices of the University of Inca, being mayor of this town the years 1416, 1420 and 1428; was Conseller Sindicat de Fora i the Great and General Council in 1426, by Jaume Albertí, and in 1435, along with Bernat Fabregues; and finally Mayor General of Mallorca in 1443.

As stated in the Arch. Prots.-Lib. Magnates, Dn. Joan of Bordils Bordils acquired the property are the town of Inca to Dn. Matthew Gallur on 18 January 1433.

In the File Bordils S. XVIII ground that:

     Joan Mateu Gallur see Bordils Alqueria dels Febrers, amb algunes estensions of terra month between them quals hi havia one anomenada The Fermada. Sota l'alqueria aquesta estava alodi dels Hereus of Raboll. Llindava, per a band amb The Fermada, les terres de Ferrer i torrent Pina, i amb terres per altra William Saguer i dels hereus d'Antoni Salom.
     Fou venuda to 1422 per 150 lliures (?) Of them quals Joan Bordils on Pay només 100 perquè them altres d'acord 50 amb el venedor invertides havia them in rebuilding their cases de l'esmentada farmstead.
     (Book of collections of instruments and archive documents and house of Don Juan Bordils and Tamarit. Volume I, Mallorca 1779, p. 689 i 690. Faxo A3 No. 6, Pag. 159).

The Great Encyclopedia of Mallorca consists of the following:

     'BORDILS. Surname high Majorcan nobility, now extinct. Dn. Guillem de Bordils was delegated by Inca to pay tribute to King Pedro of Aragon. His grandson, Dan. Joan Bordils i Pont, bought land important Inca and Sancelles, including those who in 1433 took the name of Son Bordils (Inca) and suffered many losses during the revolt of the "forans" (1451). '. (Gran Enciclopedia de Mallorca, Vol. II, page 207 ff.)

Ayreflor Ramis (Ramis Ayreflor and Sureda, J., Bolletí Luliana the Archaeological Society, 1905) also makes reference aThis ultimately when referring to Dn. Joan Bordils i Pont, says: 'dire in the extreme would be to him the last years of its existence, it brings peace and tranquility of country life itself trocóse at random, turbulent'.

In 1451 the forana revolta took place and, as recounted Quadrado (Quadrado, Forensic and Citizens, 2nd. Edition), 'the ajermanados the center of the island, in the regions of Inca and Sancellas, focus of insurrection and theater major abuses vented their hatred predilection against his house and goods, causing losses of as much consideration which alone suffice to show the opulence of this family '.

The losses suffered by Dn. Joan of Bordils, consigned by Quadrado (. Pag 255), are very large: '550 loads of wine, 423 cuarteras wheat, durum 27, 231 barley, oats 39, 43 cattle, 309 sheep, Goat 368, 102 pigs, 44 turkeys, 150 smaller birds, 679 cheeses, excluding impairments in furniture and other lands'.

As a result of the facts, the Bordils family settled in Palma at this time; Instead residence not change until the end of the race.

Notably, the volume of wine subtracted appears first loss ratio, highlighting its importance; this being the middle of the fifteenth century, the earliest evidence of winemaking at Finca Son Bordils.

One wonders what could be the origin of the vast wealth accumulated so far in property and land for this family. According tells Ramis Ayreflor, in the village of Bordils (Girona) 'had a Solar family name, and members thereof, allodial Lords of this village, we see that during the fourteenth century arising from considerable property, motivated perhaps because of its recent establishment in Mallorca. In 1376, Guillermona wife of Francisco de Bordils, Caballero, provides large expanse of land called the Coromina Bordils R. Bofill of FLASA ', and in 1420,' Bordils William Knight, sells the council of that city tithes your property, from the village of Bordils, by the large sum of 12,000 salary, Catalan currency '.

It is somewhat curious that in 1427, is reial batle of the town of Inca Dn. Guillem Bordils and documentation gathered by Rosello R. (1997), there information about a 1434 trial in which Dn appears. Guillem Bordils more beneficial:

     1434, 15 maig. Bonifaci Morro i Joan Berard, doctors in lleis, Actuant com arbitrators i els frares friendly componedors between mercedaris per a band i Guillem Bordils Bartomeu i Raboll, marmessors Raboll Pere, d'altra, donate aquesta sentència: primerament mortgage dels bens that foren Pere feta Raboll for Guillem Bordils is valid; in segon lloc els llegats fets a l'work redempció of captius corresponen to Comanador i frares of Mercy. Per tant Guillem is obligat to above advantages dites. It is als Demana jurats d'Inca vulquin approve aquesta judgment (AHN, Clergy, carp. 124, No. 5

and other information for the year 1435 shows that Dn. Guillem Bordils owned a farm in Inca at this time; t could very well correspond to the land that had been owned by Dn. Pere Raboll:

     1435, 18 agost. The Mostassaf has multat Guillem Bordils, per l'Amarador of lli has fet to Posessió seva (ARM, AH 121, f. 155V).

. The Book of Clavaria of vila d'Inca the year 1436 reveals a curiosity of the time: should abound sparrows and therefore the public purse paid a sum of money for each pair of feet sparrow handed:

     1436. Clavaria Llibre de la vila d'Inca, essent Clavari Bartomeu Estrany

         Dades: 6 sous Costa's llibre present, 2 sous Jaume Forner per 100 parells of peus of pardal; ... (Sic) one sou per Bordils Joan (.) Peus of pardal.

and the relationship of Reials batles of this century Inca appears another:

     1398 Bernat Bordils
     1416 Joan Bordils
     1420 Joan Bordils
     1427 Guillem Bordils
     1428 Joan Bordils
     1486 Guillem Burdils
     1491 Guillem Burdils

At the end of the century, the name "Burdils" phonetic variation that may result from the stay of this branch of Bordils in Soller appears.

Dn. Felip Bordils i Fuster received by donation (1441-1456) the goods were his father, Dan. Joan of Bordils i Pont. Dn. Felipe was "ciutadà Minister" in the Gran i General Consell de Mallorca (1463-1469) and, being "jurat" de Palma (1470), died in the same city. . Dn: From his first marriage with Ms. Leonor de Sant Juan, his eldest son and, ultimately, heir to his property had. Bordils Gaspar de San Juan Fuster and Torrella. From his second marriage to Ms. Isabel de Oleza, had four children, two women, Mrs. Anselma and Ms. Elizabeth, and two sons, Dan. Peter and Dan. John. A Dn. Juan Oleza Bordils and is considered the precursor of the second line of Bordils.

Dn. Bordils Gaspar de San Juan Fuster and Torrella, Own Son Bordils late fifteenth century, was, like his father, Minister of the Great and General Consell de Mallorca (1486) for the establishment of the Military Citizens, and "jurat "de Palma (1493, 1498). In 1515 usufructuaria appointed heir his second wife. Mrs. Juana de Torrella Bartolomea. Dn. Gaspar died in 1520 and his widow, Mrs. Juana appointed heir to his son Dan. Roderic Bordils i Torrella.

Dn. Roderic Bordils Torrella i ALSO served as "cited Minister" in the Great and General Council (1574). . I married Mrs. Isabel Soldevila had one daughter, Mrs. Magdalena Bordils i Soldevila, married in turn to Dn.. Morey Jerome Cotoner. In 1568, Dn. Roderic named heir to his grandson and namesake: Dn. Roderic, son of Magdalena and Jerome; died in 1578. In order that the name was not lost Bordils, the new name Bordils-Morey was created; so the grandson of Dan. Roderic renamed: Dn. Roderic Bordils Morey; farm owner Son Bordils late sixteenth century in the Register of Inca (1595), the valuation of the same Mallorcan 12,000 pounds

At this time, (1578) "... existing in the villa (Inca) 13 cellars, occupying the cultivation of the vine almost the entire length of small properties was 30 percent of the total surface of the term, having a lot of planting of Mallola, or young vineyard '. . Whereas the term of Inca occupied 5,821 Ha, the surface of vineyard planted in those times would be about 800-1700 Ha.; a significant number considering that more or less coincides with the area that currently exists in Mallorca.

In the land of Inca 1595, many inscriptions can be observed with the term 'Mallola', or young vineyard; which indicates the good situation in which the wine sector was in Inca later this XVI century.